Modern Indian History GK In Hindi MCQs Part-1

Modern Indian History GK In Hindi MCQs

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1.
When was the Government of India Act passed in the English Parliament?

[A] 1852
[B] 1856
[C] 1858
[D] 1860

Correct Answer: C [1858]
2.
The 1896 session of the Indian National Congress is famous for which of the following?

[A] The national anthem was sung for the first time.
[B] National song was sung for the first time.
[C] The tricolor was waved for the first time.
[D] None of these

Correct Answer: B [National song was sung for the first time.]
Notes:
India’s national song ‘Vande Mataram’ was sung at the first session of the Congress in 1896. Vande Mataram is an excerpt from Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s novel Anand Math. It was the national anthem of India till 1937.

3.
Which of the following Governor General is called the liberator of Indian press?

[A] Lord William Bentinck
[B] Sir Charles Metcalf
[C] Lord Auckland
[D] Lord Allenborough

Correct Answer: 0 []
Notes:
Sir Charles Metcalf was the Governor General of India from March 20, 1835 to March 4, 1936. He gave complete freedom to the press, hence he is also called the liberator of the Indian press.

4.
By whom was the Carthage system used in the context of maritime trade?

[A] Dutch
[B] French
[C] English
[D] Portuguese

Correct Answer: D [Portuguese]
Notes:
The Carthage system refers to the trade license issued by the Portuguese for maritime trade. In the 20th century, the British also introduced the system called “Navisert”.

5.
Which of the following statements about Surendranath Banerjee is not correct?

[A] He was the co-founder of the Indian National Association
[B] He was the founder of Ripon College, Calcutta
[C] He is known for the concept of national consciousness.
[D] He together with Anandmohan Bose founded the ordinary Brahmo Samaj

Correct Answer: D [He founded the ordinary Brahmo Samaj with Anandmohan Bose]
Notes:
The fourth statement out of the above statements is incorrect. Surendranath Banerjee, along with Anand Mohan Bose, founded the Indian National Association. Ordinary Brahmo Samaj was founded by Anand Mohan Bose, Shivnath Shastri, Shiv Chandra Sen, Umesh Chandra Dutta.

6.
During the freedom movement, Rabindranath Tagore returned the title of knighthood in protest against which event?

[A] Bengal Partition
[B] Jallianwala Bagh massacre
[C] Death sentence to Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev
[D] none of the above

Correct Answer: B [Jallianwala Bagh Massacre]
Notes:
Rabindranath Tagore was awarded knighthood by the British Government in 1915. He returned a knighthood after being hurt by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre on April 13, 1919, in which context he wrote a letter to Lord Chelmsford.

7.
Which Congress session is known for a separate electorate for Muslims?

[A] Karachi session, 1913
[B] Bombay Session, 1915
[C] Lucknow Session, 1916
[D] Calcutta session, 1917

Correct Answer: C [Lucknow session, 1916]
Notes:
In the Lucknow session of 1916, a separate voter party was arranged for the Muslims. In this session, two factions of the Congress, Garm Dal and Narm Dal were brought on one platform for talks. Ambika Prasad Majumdar was the President of Congress in this session.

8.
In which place was the first European settlement established in India?

[A] Kochi
[B] Chinsura
[C] Surat
[D] Chennai

Correct Answer: A [Kochi]
Notes:
The Kochi Fort, located in the Ernakulam district of Kerala, was the first European settlement in India. It is a place surrounded by water, it is located in the southwest of Kochi.

9.
Which of the following states issued a golden decree to the British for free trade?

[A] Hyderabad
[B] Bijapur
[C] Golconda
[D] Ahmednagar

Correct Answer: C [Golconda]
Notes:
In 1632, the British received the golden decree to do free trade with Golconda. The fee for this was 500 pagodas per year.

10.
The Treaty of Salbai is related to which war?

[A] First Anglo-Mysore War
[B] First Anglo-Maratha War
[C] Second-Anglo-Maratha War
[D] Second Anglo-Mysore War

Correct Answer: B [First Anglo-Maratha War]
Notes:
The Treaty of Salbai was signed on May 17, 1782 after the First Anglo-Maratha War. The treaty was signed by representatives of the Maratha Empire and representatives of the British East India Company. Through this treaty, the British retained their control over Salset and Broach.

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